The rapidly growing population and increased use of energy consuming technologies are placing unprecedented pressures on Earth’s capacity, hence several studies have confirmed that Uganda is vulnerable to climate change and variability. Climate change is more extreme and leads to frequent periods of intense rainfall, drought, erratic onset and cessation of the rainy season, during the last few years, almost three quarters of Uganda has been devastated by hail storms citing the districts of Kiboga, Mubende, Butaleja, Kamuli and Apac which and this is due to absence of wind breakers.
These changes are likely to have significant implications for agriculture, food security, soil and water sources.